Mayo Clinic – Drinking Water & Aspirin (Very Interesting)

A cardiologist determined that heart attacks can be triggered by dehydration. How many folks do you know who say they don’t want to drink anything before going to bed because they’ll have to get up during the night?

Heart attack and water – drinking one glass of water before going to bed avoids stroke or heart attack.

I asked my doctor why people need to urinate so much at night time. Answer from my cardiac doctor: gravity holds water in the lower part of your body when you are upright (legs swell).  When you lie down and the lower body (legs, etc.) are level with the kidney, it is then that the kidneys remove the water because it is easier.

Correct time to drink water… Very important. From a cardiac specialist!

Drinking water at a certain time maximizes its effectiveness on the body.

2 glasses of water after waking up helps activate internal organs.

1 glass of water 30 minutes before a meal helps digestion.

1 glass of water before taking a bath helps lower blood pressure.

1 glass of water before going to bed avoid stroke or heart attack.

Physicians say that water at bedtime also help prevent night time leg cramps.  Your leg muscles are seeking hydration when they cramp and wake you up with a Charlie Horse.

Mayo Clinic on aspirin.

Dr. Virend Somers is a cardiologist from the Mayo Clinic who is the lead author of the report in the July 29, 2008 issue of the journal of the American College of Cardiology.

Most heart attacks occur in the day, generally between 6 AM and noon. Having one during the night, when the heart should be at most rest, means that something unusual happened. Summers and his colleagues have been working for a decade to show that sleep apnea is to blame.

If you take aspirin or baby aspirin once a day, take it at night. The reason: aspirin has a 24 hour half life. Therefore, if most heart attacks happen in the wee hours of the morning, the aspirin would be the strongest in your system.

Aspirin last a really long time in your medicine chest; for years. (When I gets old it smells like vinegar.)

Bayer is making crystal aspirin to dissolve instantly on the tongue. They work much faster than the tablets.

Why keep aspirin by your bedside? It’s about heart attacks. There are other symptoms of a heart attack besides the pain on the left arm. One must also be aware of an intense pain on the chin, as well as nausea and lots of sweating. However, the symptoms may also occur less frequently.

Note: there may be no pain in the chest during heart attack.

The majority of people (about 60%) who had a heart attack during their sleep did not wake up. However, if it occurs, the chest pain may wake you up from your deep sleep. If that happens, immediately dissolve two aspirins in your mouth and swallow them with a bit of water.

Afterwards call 911. Phone a neighbor or a family member who lives very close by. Say “heart attack!!” Say that you have taken two aspirin. Take a seat on a chair or sofa near the front door and wait for their arrival and DO NOT LIE DOWN.

A cardiologist has stated that if each person after reading this forwards it to 10 people, probably one life could be saved.

Question of the day

What is a person who collects stamps called?

A person who collects stamps is called a philatelist. The American Philatelic Society is the world’s largest group of stamp collectors, with approximately 32,000 members.

Stil-Mor Automotive is Featured in Parts & People!

2715202_orig

A few car maintenance myths and the money-saving truth.

Myth: Air conditioning will hurt fuel economy

Reality: There has been much debate about whether to drive with the air conditioner on or keep the windows open in order to save gas. Using the A/C does put more load on the engine, but in our tests, we found just a slight decrease in fuel economy and no measurable difference when opening the windows (open windows do increase aerodynamic drag). However, using the A/C helps keep the driver alert and more comfortable, which is safer for everyone on the road. We say, just use the A/C and don’t worry about it.

Myths: You’ll get more gas for your money if you fill up in the morning.

Reality: A common tip is to buy gasoline in the morning, when the air is cool, rather than in the heat of the day. The theory is that the cooler gasoline will be denser, so you will get more for your money. However, the temperature of the gasoline coming out of the nozzle changes very little, if at all, during any 24-hour period of time since it is stored in underground tanks. So long as the gas station does even a modest business, gas won’t heat up much in the pump, and even if so, that is a relatively small amount. For the extra effort to chase cool temperatures, any extra gas you get will be negligible, and making a special trip will certainly burn far more than it would be possible to save. Just buy when it is convenient.

Myth: Inflate tires to the pressure shown on the tire’s sidewall.

Reality: The pounds-per-square-inch figure on the side of the tire is the maximum pressure that the tire can safely hold, not the automaker’s recommended pressure, which provides the best balance of braking, handling, gas mileage, and ride comfort. That figure is usually found on a doorjamb sticker, in the glove box, or on the fuel-filler door. If the tire pressure is down 10 psi, our testing has shown that it can make a 1 mpg difference in fuel economy. But far more significant is the impact on handling, braking, and wear–all of which can cost you one way or another. Check the tire pressure monthly after the car has been parked for a few hours.

Myth: Premium gas is better for your car.

Reality: Most vehicles run just fine on regular-grade (87 octane) fuel. Using premium in these cars won’t hurt, but it won’t improve performance, either. A higher-octane number simply means that the fuel is less prone to pre-ignition problems, so it’s often specified for hotter running, high-compression engines. So if your car is designed for 87-octane fuel, don’t waste money on premium and if you car recommends (not requires) premium, you can usually get away with using regular. Some cars truly require premium, meaning you’re stuck paying extra. Keep this in mind when shopping for your next car.

Copyright © 2007-2013 Consumers Union of U.S., Inc.

Are You Putting Lives at Risk?

Did you know that driver inattention is a factor in more than one million crashes in North America annually? It is estimated that drivers are doing something potentially distracting more than 15 percent of the time their vehicles are in motion.

To help keep yourself, your family members, and others on the road safe, follow these simple tips:

• Plan ahead and make vehicle adjustments, including the radio, prior to putting the vehicle in gear
• Read maps or program your trip into your GPS or mobile device before you get on the road
• Avoid temptation of using a cell phone while driving; pull over to a safe place to talk on the phone, text, or email
• Stop to eat or drink; do not be tempted to eat and drink while driving
• Pull over to take care of children
• Do not drive with pets unsecured in your vehicle; pets can be a major distraction to drivers in the vehicle

Copyright AAA

Getting Ready for Your Spring Crops

Prep the Soil for Your Garden

The success of a vegetable garden depends on the preliminaries. Much like priming a wall before you paint, the care with which you prepare the soil and plants is the foundation on which any garden is built. Follow these steps for a healthy garden from the ground up.

A healthy vegetable garden requires loamy, well-drained, nutrient-rich soil. Most vegetables prefer a slightly acidic soil (pH 6-6.8). The first step to preparing the soil is to get a complete soil test, which will tell you the pH and nutrient content of your soil. Your local Cooperative Extension System Office is a good resource for inexpensive, comprehensive soil testing.

Prepare Plant Beds

If possible, clear and prepare beds in fall for spring planting, or prepare the beds in spring when the soil is workable (moist but not muddy — a handful of soil formed into a ball should break apart when it is dropped from chest level). Clear the area of any debris and weeds, and strip away the sod. Use a spade or fork to dig the soil to a depth of 12 to 14 inches, incorporating a 3- to 4-inch layer of compost or rotted manure, along with any amendments recommended in your soil test. Rake the soil until is level. Loose, well-aerated soil allows water and oxygen to reach the plants’ roots quickly. If your soil is poor, consider building raised beds.

Create Raised Beds for Difficult Soil

Raised beds are ideal for growing vegetables on sites with difficult soils. They warm quickly in spring, encourage good drainage and air circulation, and are easy to maintain. Creating a raised bed can be as simple as tilling the existing soil, incorporating organic matter, and mounding it neatly to form a bed.

Consider Container Gardens

No backyard? Try growing in containers. With the exception of asparagus and certain root crops, most vegetables grow well in them. Tomatoes, scallions, peppers, beans, lettuce, and squash are especially good choices. Look for varieties specifically developed for small spaces, such as patio tomatoes, ‘Topcrop’ green beans, and bibb lettuce. Choose large containers which will need less watering and allow for companion planting (two different plants growing together that support one another and may repel pests). Small pots dry out quickly and minimize root growth. Whatever size you use, be sure that the container has open drainage holes at the bottom.

Start Composting

Things we often throw away — grass clippings, coffee grinds, and vegetable peels — can provide a constant source of fertilizer and soil conditioner for your vegetables. Compost also helps make soil more absorbent, reducing the need for watering. Plus, the composting process is easy, inexpensive, and a great way to add nutrients back into the garden.

Measure Before Planting

Most seed packets and plant labels provide basic information on growing: Follow these instructions carefully. It can be tempting to set plants too close together, which can limit the amounts of sun, nutrients, and water that each plant receives. Before you go outside to plant, measure the distance between your thumb and little finger. This may be a useful distance for spacing vegetable seedlings. Alternatively, you can mark the handle of a rake every 6 inches with a permanent marker.

Happy Planting!!

Copyright www.marthastewart.com

Car Repairs You Should Never Ignore

The old “pay me now or pay me later” adage still holds true for auto service. Putting off regular maintenance or ignoring signs of mechanical trouble can turn an affordable shop bill into a budget-buster that makes you pay for your procrastination. A squealing belt or shaky steering wheel are signs of trouble you should get squared away pronto. Veteran auto technicians contributed to this list of symptoms to watch for.
Heed these warning lights

The low tire pressure warning light indicates that a tire-pressure monitoring system sensor has detected a tire that is significantly underinflated. The sensors are located within the air valve on each wheel and will typically warn when air pressure drops 25 percent below the recommended level. The TPMS will issue an instant warning in the case of sudden loss of pressure, such as from a puncture. If the TPMS light illuminates while you’re driving, pull over as soon as possible and inspect your tires. Continuing on an underinflated tire is unsafe and can ruin a tire that could otherwise be repaired. Repairing a nail hole might cost $20, while a new tire could be $200. Tires will always lose a little pressure over time, and if your tire pressure has not been maintained it will eventually drop low enough to trigger the TPMS warning, often on a cold morning. Use a pressure gauge to check each tire. If they are uniformly low, it’s time to fill them to the pressure specifications posted on a sticker inside the driver’s door. Driving on low tire pressure hurts fuel mileage, handling, accelerates tire wear and can even lead to tire failure. If only one tire is low, you may have a slow leak and should get that tire checked soon.

The check engine light (often in the shape of an engine) indicates that there’s an issue with the vehicle’s emissions control system. Two common problems are a failed oxygen sensor in the exhaust or an air leak in the fuel system, which can be as simple as a loose or missing fuel tank cap. The check engine light is easy to ignore because the car may seem to be functioning normally, but if left untended a minor issue with the emissions system can get much worse. A failed oxygen sensor can be replaced for about $200, but if it’s ignored for long it can cause excessive fuel in the exhaust to ruin the catalyst, which can cost $1,000 or more to replace. A professional scan of the vehicle diagnostic computer will help a technician pinpoint the problem.

A hyperactive turn signal indicator is usually a sign that the signal bulb on the erratically flashing side of the car is burned out. On some vehicles the “blinker” won’t blink if the light is out. A new bulb may cost about $4, and you can often change it yourself following instructions in the owners manual. The alternative could be a visit with the police and a $50 fine for an equipment violation.

The service engine light (often the shape of a wrench) indicates that it’s time for an oil change or other routine service, including changing the air filter, rotating tires and changing the differential or transmission fluids. There may be a code that appears with this light, and you can check the owners manual to see what the code indicates. Ignoring this service — by putting off an oil change for thousands of miles — can lead to more expensive repairs down the road.

The low washer fluid warning means it’s time to invest $2 in a jug of bug juice and the few minutes it will take to fill the underhood reservoir. Your owners manual will show you how. It’s a safety issue, of course, if you can’t see through a dirty windshield. Do not keep pushing the washer button if the reservoir is empty. The fluid often cools and lubricates the pump. You’ll burn out the pump if it has run dry; expect a $100 bill to replace it.

Sounds like trouble

A squealing sound from under the hood is usually caused by a slipping belt. Older cars and trucks may have a separate belt for the fan, power steering pump, alternator and air conditioner. If one of these belts is loose or extremely worn, it will slip and squeal, often as the car is started or accelerated. A mechanic can tighten the belt in minutes, or replace one for $15 plus labor. If the belt fails, it could leave you stranded with an overheated engine or a dead battery. Newer cars use a single “serpentine” belt that uses a pulley to maintain its tension, but these belts can still get worn, or may slip if contaminated with coolant leaking from a bad water pump. A new serpentine belt costs about $100 plus labor to install, which is probably cheaper than a tow truck ride to the shop if one breaks.

The brake warning indicator on many vehicles will make a high-pitched scraping or squealing sound when the brake pads are almost worn out. The indicator is a metal tab that actually contacts the brake disc. The brake warning may be faint or intermittent at first, but it will get louder as the pads wear. If you hear the indicator, it’s time for immediate brake service, which typically costs $200 to $300 for the front or rear brakes. Let it go and the discs will soon be ruined, adding $200 or more to the repair bill — if you don’t crash first because braking performance is compromised.

The constant velocity (or CV) joints allow the axles of a front-wheel-drive car to rotate and bend as the wheels turn and steer. They are protected with a grease-filled rubber boot, and if that boot fails — it’s often torn by road debris — the grease leaks out and the joint will become contaminated with road grit and salt and begin to wear out. You will notice a faint tick-tick-tick sound when making a sharp turn at a low speed, perhaps in a parking lot or when pulling away from an intersection. A good technician will inspect the CV joint boots at each oil change, and sometimes a torn boot can be replaced if the CV joint is not damaged. Replacing an axle and its CV joint will cost about $200 to $300. Ignore this repair and the CV joint will eventually fail, locking up tight and leaving you stranded and waiting for an expensive tow.

Feels like trouble

If the steering wheel shakes only when you apply the brakes, it’s likely that the front brake discs are warped and need to be machined true or replaced — a job that can cost $200 to $400. Ignore this one and you’ll be putting stress on the tie-rod ends, front suspension and other components, including the tires, which will cost more money in later repairs. And you may have compromised braking performance, which is incredibly irresponsible.

A shimmy in the steering wheel at moderate speeds when you’re not braking could mean that a front wheel is out of balance. It’s not uncommon for one of the balance weights to fall off, or for the wheel to become unbalanced due to tire wear or damage. It will cost $20 to get the wheel rebalanced, or the tire may need to be replaced. Another cause could be worn tie-rod ends, which will cost $200 to $400 to replace. Once again, ignoring this warning sign will accelerate wear of all the other front-end components and triple the eventual repair bill.

You can replace your own worn windshield wiper blades (see your owners manual) when they stutter across the glass and leave you peering through streaks. New blades are $5 to $15 each. The accident you cause because you can’t see will cost much, much more. Change them once a year

If your car marks its territory

A puddle of green or gold liquid under your car is probably coolant. It will feel sticky between your fingers and smell sweet. A coolant leak could be as simple as a loose hose clamp, or as complicated as a failing water pump. The source is often tricky to locate because the leaking coolant can trickle along the frame and engine before dripping to the ground. Check the coolant level in the plastic reservoir located under the hood (see the owners manual). If it’s very low or empty, it’s another sign your car is leaking coolant. Ignored, a bad water pump or leaky radiator will eventually fail completely or cause the coolant level to get unacceptably low. In either case, ignoring a $300 repair can lead to an overheated and damaged engine and a bill for thousands of dollars to make it right.

Oil leaking from a modern car or truck will look golden or dark brown and feel slick between the fingers. Most oil leaks are caused by sloppy oil changes or the use of cheap filters. The oil filter gasket may have torn away and is leaking, or the old gasket was left on the engine. The drain plug may have been replaced without a washer, or with the wrong washer. Sometimes it’s simply spilled oil that was not wiped off the frame and is now dripping onto your driveway. These are basic, inexpensive issues to fix, but the car will have to go up on a rack to find the problem. Have the leaked checked before it gets worse, the oil level drops and your engine is ruined. If the cause was sloppy work, find a new service garage.

If the puddle under your car appears to be water — if it’s colorless and odorless — do not worry. It’s simply condensation from the air conditioner and a normal sight on hot, humid days. Don’t freak out.

By Charles Plueddeman
Copyright msn autos

5 Ways to Avoid Overpaying for Car Repairs

People are holding onto their vehicles longer, which means a trip to the repair shop is bound to happen. The majority of mechanics aren’t out to rip off consumers, but there are bad apples that try to get you to purchase extra services or “fix things” that aren’t broken.

Even though many mechanics are honest, the anxiety level among consumers when it comes to repairs is high. According to a March survey of 2,128 adults for RepairPal.com, the San Francisco auto repair website found that 72 percent of consumers who own or lease a car said how much repairs will cost makes them anxious, while 38 percent worried that they cannot trust the mechanic.

“Auto repair often appears to be a mystical, secret service to people because they don’t fully understand what their cars need and what they don’t,” says Michelle Naranjo, editor in chief of AutoBytel.com, the Irvine, Calif., automobile website.

But it doesn’t have to be so worrisome. From reading your owner’s manual to doing price comparison shopping, here’s how to avoid overpaying for car repairs.

Read Your Car Owner’s Manual

For many car owners, especially those with newer vehicles, most of their visits to the repair shop will be for maintenance, whether it’s new brake pads or an air filter. Because of that, auto experts say one of the best defenses from being scammed is to read your owner’s manual.

“You need to know when scheduled services are due,” says Charles Sanville, a Raleigh, N.C., mechanic and blogger at HumbleMechanic.com. “You need to know that at 30,000 miles your car needs to have an oil change and the tires rotated so a dishonest mechanic doesn’t do it at 5,000 miles.” Although the car manual can be intimidating, auto repair experts say it’s a free and worthwhile way to make sure your mechanic isn’t selling you things you don’t need.

“Mechanics try to upsell all the time,” says Lauren Fix, a Buffalo, N.Y.-based automotive expert . “Go off your manual unless there’s a problem that needs to be fixed.”

Sanville says to keep in mind that car repairs and maintenance are not always black and white. For instance, if you live near the beach, you may have to change your air filter sooner than the manual calls for.

Be prepared to discuss possible problems

Information is power and in the case of getting your car fixed, the more you know the better. If you are taking your vehicle in because something is broken, the more details you can provide to the mechanic, the greater the chances are that you won’t get ripped off. For instance, if you are concerned about a strange noise, take note of when it happens and be prepared to explain what it sounds like.

“When consumers are equipped with information, it shows the mechanic they’ve done their homework, that they’re prepared to discuss the possible trouble and repair needs of their vehicle,” Naranjo says.

According to Fix, the worst thing you can do is discuss a possible mechanical problem without any idea of what’s wrong. That puts you in a vulnerable position because the mechanic knows you are clueless.

“Using all your senses but taste, you should be able to explain the problem and help them pare down what to do,” Fix says.

Use the Internet to Research Prices

The Internet is an equalizer for many industries, and that’s true of the auto repair industry. Before the Web, consumers had to accept the rate a mechanic was charging, but that is no longer the case. There are tons of websites dedicated to giving consumers the ability to compare prices from one mechanic to the next.

Take AutoMD. This website lets users get the prices for repairs from multiple repair shops using the same parts. According to Shane Evangelist, chief executive of U.S. Auto Parts Network Inc., and owner of AutoMD, the reason prices vary is because mechanics use different parts.

“It’s very difficult for consumers to argue about the price if they don’t know the part,” Evangelist says. “This service uses the same part in every single shop so it’s an apples-to-apples comparison.” Other websites include RepairPal and AutoBytel’s MyGarage. Online review sites are another way to get feedback from actual consumers who have used the repair shop.

One of the big problems with getting your car fixed is that you feel pressure to agree to whatever the mechanic is diagnosing because you don’t want to be without your ride. But car experts say you need to step back and check on the Internet to ensure you are getting a fair price before moving forward.

Get a Second Opinion on Car Repairs

When it comes to home repairs, most people will get two or three estimates before choosing a contractor, and that same discipline should apply to your auto mechanic. Prices can vary dramatically from one shop to the next, which is why experts say it’s important to shop around.

“Getting a second opinion is definitely worth it if it’s a large repair,” says HumbleMechanic.com’s Sanville. Sanville says to get estimates from repair shops, a dealership and a specialty place if you’re replacing something like a transmission or brakes. In addition to shopping on price, you want to compare warranties and the quality of parts from the different mechanics.

In order to get an accurate estimate, you have to know what’s wrong with the car. Many mechanics charge a diagnostic fee, so make sure to inquire about that when shopping around. Another option for figuring out what’s wrong with your car is to purchase a diagnostic code reader. Consumer Advice Editor Ron Montoya at Santa Monica, Calif.-based Edmunds.com, says it costs $50, but some cost much more. It plugs into your car to diagnose when the check engine light is on.

“It will give you a basic idea of what the car needs,” Montoya says.
Make the Mechanic Show You the Parts

Nothing is worse than paying a lot of money for auto repairs only to learn later that the part wasn’t replaced or the mechanic used substandard materials. A great way to keep that from happening is to ask for your old parts back. “You want those parts put in the box of the new parts,” says Evangelist of U.S. Auto Parts Network.

You want the box to make sure what they say they put in your car is actually what went into your car, he says. If you ask to see the broken part and the box for the new one, it diminishes the chances that the mechanic is going to rip you off. “If the guy is handing you back an alternator and it’s bad, you know you are paying for repairs on your car that are needed,” Evangelist says. “Anytime someone is not educated, he ends up paying more.”
By Donna Fuscaldo, Bankrate.com

Service Tip To Maximize Mileage

Because of the current economy more people are trying to hold onto their cars for as long as they can. If you want to stretch the miles, you have to pay attention to the maintenance recommended by your service manager and even your car’s service manual.

Your shorter maintenances will be making sure you have a timely oil change (3 months or 3000 miles). You will want to have your belts, tires and fluids checked and of course things like your heater or air conditioning for the changes in season.

The major maintenances are at 30,000, 60,000, 90,000, 105,000 and 120,000 and over. At your 30,000 milestone it is always recommended that you replace some fluids (unless of course you have been diligent in doing what is recommended by your service department prior to the service!)

In case you are not familiar with what these services are here are a few important ones:

1. The air filter should always be checked. This cleans the outside air before it gets sucked into your engine. When it gets dirty it becomes less efficient and needs to be replaced.

2. Your engine’s cooling system keeps your engine running at its’ most efficient level. Maintaining it means, flushing the system and replacing it with new coolant.

3. Your transmission transfers your engine’s power out to the wheels. Transmission fluid is a special lubricant that gets contaminated over time and must be changed along with its’ filter.

4. Fuel filters and fuel pump screens help filter out contamination in your gas tank before they can get into your fuel system and into your engine. Changing the fuel filter periodically, can increase performance and fuel economy and extends the life of your fuel pump.

5. The differential oil is one of the most forgotten fluids…but not by Stil-Mor! Inside the differential is a set of gears that need lubrication. Over time, this oil breaks down and NEEDS to be part of your scheduled maintenance.

These minor and major maintenances are very important in keeping your vehicle running for a long time. When you go to pay that bill…..REMEMBER….It costs a lot more to buy a new car!

Small Savings Over Time = Big Bucks in the Bank!

I think it’s safe to say that Walmart founder Sam Walton knew a thing or two about making money. But it turns out, what he cared about even more was saving money!

He could have had any car on Earth!!

Until he died in 1992, Sam Walton drove the same 1979 pickup truck he owned when his stores were still a regional chain. Mr. Walton became rich enough to buy a new car every other day if we wanted…so why do you suppose he kept the old one?

Because he thought it was foolish to spend money when you didn’t have to. And, as he said, “What am I supposed to haul my dogs around in, a Rolls-Royce?”

But here’s the kicker: even though most of us will never be able to afford a Rolls-Royce, it’s estimated that regular folks who keep their cars for 10 years instead of 5 could pocket enough to buy one – an extra $250,000 over a lifetime!

Small Savings Over Time = Big Bucks in the Bank!